The professional society for life cycle assessment

Environmental Product Declarations

Environmental Product Declarations are ecolabels that disclose the life cycle environmental performance of a product. They are very much like a nutrition label, only instead of the calories and protein content, the label tells you the carbon footprint, the water footprint and other environmental impacts calculated over the life cycle of the product.

A typical list of impact covered in an EPD would be:

  • Climate Change (the carbon footprint)
  • Stratospheric Ozone Depletion (the ozone hole)
  • Acid Rain
  • Eutrophication (nutrient pollution)
  • Photochemical Smog
  • Fossil Fuel Depletion
  • Land Use
  • Water Use (water footprint)
  • Mineral Resource Depletion

Sometimes the ecolabel would also include

  • Ecotoxicity
  • Human Toxicity

ACLCA Policy Papers

ACLCA has created several policy papers related to environmental product declarations.

Roadmap to EPDs in the United States

Outlook and Opportunity for EPDs in the United States

Position on the Leonardo Academy EPD Standard Effort


Earthsure Program

The Earthsure Program is an EPD program of the Institute for Environmental Research and Education, the parent of ACLCA.

it was formed in 2005, and is the first EPD Program in the United States. It started as a food and agriculture program but has recently expanded to cover all products and services.

Other Program Operators

(this is an incomplete list: listing here is for information only and does not imply support or validation of these programs by ACLCA or IERE)

Chinese EPD Program

Japan Ecoleaf Program

International EPD System

Institut Bauen und Umwelt

Norway EPD System

Taiwan EPD System

Korean EPD System

UL Environment

French INIES